Set in Piazza Bra ‘, the amphitheater of Verona was built in the first half of the first century. d.C., between the end of the Empire of Augustus and that of the Empire of Claudius.
The third largest amphitheater in Italy after the Colosseum and the amphitheater of Capua, has an elliptical shape, to allow perfect acoustics from all points and accommodate a large number of spectators.
The shows took place right in the middle of the monument, on the “harena” (hence the name) sand used to cover the combat area to absorb the blood of gladiators and animals.
Between the stalls and cavea, the amphitheater could hold as many as 30,000 people. Under the floor of the stalls are found, but can’t be visited, tunnels always served for the complex functioning of the amphitheater.
The Verona Opera Festival was founded on 10 August 1913, with the first performance of Aida commissioned by the Veronese tenor Giovanni Zenatello and the theater actor Ottone Rovato to commemorate the centenary of the birth of Giuseppe Verdi. For over a hundred years (except for two brief interruptions during the great wars) every summer the Roman amphitheater is transformed into the largest open-air opera house in the world.